Lord of Fferyllwg Elystan ap Cyhelin, Glodrydd

Male Abt 965 - 1010


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  • Name  Lord of Fferyllwg Elystan ap Cyhelin, Glodrydd 
    Title  Lord of Fferyllwg 
    Suffix  Glodrydd 
    Born  Abt 965  Fferyllwg, Radnorshire Co., England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender  Male 
    Died  1010  Cefn Digoll, Powys, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried  Trelystan, Powys, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I1085  Seaver-Bilyeu-Lowell
    Last Modified  23 Feb 2010 

    Family  Gwladys Rhun 
    Children 
     1. Cadwgan ap Elystan Glodrydd,   b. Abt 1000, Radnorshire, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1075
    Last Modified  20 Feb 2010 
    Family ID  F353  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 965 - Fferyllwg, Radnorshire Co., England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1010 - Cefn Digoll, Powys, Wales Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Trelystan, Powys, Wales Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • ELSTAN (or ELYSTAN) GLODRYDD , founder of the fifth of the 'royal tribes' of Wales, though scarcely anything is known about him, may serve as the heading of a concise account (compiled entirely from Lloyd, Hist. W.) of the later lords of 'Rhwng Gwy a Hafren' (between Wye and Severn) - the cantreds of Maelienydd and Elfael; pedigree in Lloyd, op. cit., 770. Elstan (Hist. W., 406) had a son, Cadwgan, who had three sons. One of these, Idnerth, also had three sons; of these, Madog (d. 1140) had five sons. Two of Madog's sons, Hywel and Cadwgan, were killed in 1142, and a third, Maredudd, in 1146; the other two, CADWALLON (d. 1179) and EINION CLUD (d. 1177), ruled respectively over Maelienydd and Elfael. They were not on good terms, and in 1160 Cadwallon seized Einion and handed him over to Owain Gwynedd, who surrendered him to Henry II; but Einion escaped from custody. In 1163 both brothers rallied to the banner of Owain Gwynedd at Corwen, and later both were homagers of the 'lord' Rhys ap Gruffydd; both, again, co-operated in the re-establishment of Cwm Hir abbey, 1176. Of Cadwallon's three sons, Maelgwn (who took the cross in 1188) d. in 1197; his son Cadwallon d. in 1234. Einion Clud had two sons: the elder, EINION (AB EINION CLUD), usually known as 'Einion o'r Porth,' is said to have m. a daughter of the 'lord' Rhys, took the cross in 1188, and d. in 1191. In the 13th and 14th cent, the house of Mortimer (q.v.), which had from an early date encroached upon the lands of the Elstan dynasty, succeeded eventually in acquiring complete possession of them.

      Bibliography:
      J. E. Lloyd, Hist. W., more especially 406, 477, 516, 545, 563, 567, 585, 770.

      Author:
      Emeritus Professor Robert Thomas Jenkins, C.B.E., D.Litt., Ll.D., F.S.A., (1881-1969), Bangor.
    • P. C. Bartum's "Early Welsh Genealogical Tracts" lists Elystan 7th in descent from Iorwerth Hirflawdd of the 9th Century.

    Born:
    • "Burke's Peerage" says Dolygaer, Breconshire, Wales.

  • Sources 
    1. [S5423] The History of the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog, Jacob Youde William Lloyd, (T. Richards, 1882), 304.
      According to Hanes Cymru, the true name of the kingdom of Elystan Glodrydd is Fferyllwg, or Fferllwg, of which those of Fferllys, Fferleg, Fferex, and Fferreg are corruptions. It was sometimes called also "Y wlad rhwng Gwy a Hafren," the country between Wye and Severn. The author adds that some persons regard the country now between those rivers as the original territory of Fferllwg, together with a portion of Herefordshire. Mr. Price's own opinion was, that the nucleus of the kingdom of Fferyllwg was the district called by Saxons "Dena", or the Forest of Dean, noted by Giraldus, as "trans Yagam, citraque Sabrinam." The word "Fferyllwg", he says expresses the distinctive character of the country, and, in his opinion is derived from "Fferyll", a worker in metals, or rather in iron. Fferyllwg, then, is "the land of ironwork", which is to this day a speciality of the Forest of Dean.
      The text goes on to say that Elystan *conquered* Fferyllwg, and so probably wasn't born there. The text was used to affix the spelling, not his birthplace.